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Fandom Lexicon: R

We’re in the home stretch on updates to our main fandom lexicon! Today, check out the entries starting with “R”!

View the entire Fandom Lexicon posted to date.

See something we missed? Notice a mistake? Let us know!

Lexicon Entries Starting with R:

RACK: Abbreviation for “risk-aware consensual kink.” A term used by members of the BDSM community who engage in more dangerous power-exchange activities to emphasize the importance of being educated about the risks associated with that activity before engaging in it. See also: PRICK. Read more about RACK.

Ravatar: On Ravelry chat boards, a person’s avatar is often called their “ravatar” as a joke on the name of the platform. See avatar.

RB: Abbreviation for “reverse bang” or “reblog.”

Re: [Thing]: Shortened way of saying “In reply to [Thing]/As regards [Thing].” On social media, Re: precedes discussion of [thing], usually as a means of circling back to [thing] after talking about something else or to make it clear that a point being made is directly related to a specific previous thing that has been mentioned.

Reader Insert: Stories written so the reader might imagine themselves as the protagonist. Often use Y/N or YN (both short for “your name”) to refer to the protagonist. Reader inserts are tagged as “Reader” on AO3, for example: Reader/(Character). May also be referred to as “x reader” fics. Read more about read inserts.

Reblog: Tumblr lingo that refers to sharing a post written by another blog using the “reblog” function, which ensures the content remains connected to the original blog. Not to be confused with a repost.

Rec List: Shortened form of “recommendation list.” Like a mixtape of the creator’s favorites in a given category. Could be fanfic, movies, books, TV shows, blogs to follow, etc. There is no upper or lower limit on how many things can be in a reclist. Can be very specific (e.g. only works featuring a precise trope of a specific ship in a specific fandom) or very broad (e.g. “my favorites”).

Redacted: A term that means the previous text has been removed for Reasons (specified or unspecified). Within fandom, this is typically used facetiously to refer to information that fans are not supposed to know (or not supposed to share), assumptions that may or may not be correct, unpopular or controversial opinions, or simply for the laughs. Read more about redaction.

Reddit: A forum-esque social media platform. Visit reddit.

Remix: Mixing up the elements of a source material. Fandom usage can refer to art, writing, video edits, music, or pretty much any other media imaginable.

Repost: Copying an original post (most often artwork – including photographs – or animated gifs) and posting it to one’s own blog, rather than using the reblog function. When done without permission, this is a form of content theft. When done with permission and credit, it’s fine. Don’t take other people’s hard work without asking! Not to be confused with a reblog, retweet, or other platform-based forms of post-sharing.

Reverse Bang: A collaborative creation event in which artists create an art piece and write a small amount about it to offer guidance, then writers sign up to write a story for that piece, usually with a minimum length of at least 5,000 words. See also: big bang, creation challenge.

RN: Abbreviation for “right now.”

RPF: Abbreviation for “real person fic.” Fanworks about people who actually currently are alive or have been alive in the past, rather than about fictional/made-up characters. A lot of RPF involves shipping real people together. Sports fandoms and bandoms are big, popular examples of RPF communities, and it’s also common for lead actors who play popular fictional ship characters to get shipped together (for example, the actors Jensen Ackles and Misha Collins from Supernatural who play Dean Winchester and Castiel, the very popular ship Destiel, are also often shipped together as the popular RPF ship Cockles). Read more about RPF.

RPG: Abbreviation for “roleplaying game.” A game in which individuals create characters or play a game-assigned character and play the role of that character throughout. RPGs can be played via any venue/channel/platform that allows individuals to interact with each other or with a gaming system. See also: JRPG, MMORPG, TTRPG (pending).

RPS: Abbreviation for “real person shipping.” See RPF.

RT: Abbreviation for “retweet” on Twitter or “retoot” on Mastodon.

Rubberduck Debugging: Explaining a problem to an unresponsive target in order to identify and fix the origin of that problem. Originates from The Pragmatic Programmer. Read more about rubberducking.

The Rules of the Internet: The Rules of the Internet is a loose, unofficial list originally spawned from 4chan. The list is memetic and subject to change, and a few specific rules have been widely adopted in fandom. Read more about the Rules of the Internet. Rules most often mentioned in fandom spaces:

  • Rule 34: If it (whatever “it” is) exists, there is porn of it. No exceptions.
  • Rule 35: If there is no porn of it, porn will be made of it.
  • Rule 36: No matter how fucked up “it” is, there is always worse than what you just saw.
  • Rule 63: For every male character, there is a female version of that character, and for every female character, there is a male version of that character, and there will always be porn about both versions of that character. This is by far the most widely spread Rule in most fandom spaces, and “rule 63” is a common tag used on content of this type. See also: genderbend, genderswap.
  • Rule 64: There is lore for everything that exists.
  • Rule 65: If there isn’t lore yet, there will be imminently.
  • Rule 66: The longer a piece of lore is, the weirder it will get.
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Fandom Lexicon: P and Q

Tomorrow’s a busy day, so here: have the next two Fandom Lexicon letters a day early!

View the entire Lexicon posted to date!

Spot a mistake or know of an entry we should add? Let us know!

Lexicon Entries Beginning with P:

P4P: Abbreviation for “pay for production.” A term for a campaign to make merchandise, a zine, or other fandom merch where the original creator(s) will not be making a profit – the amount they are charging is purely enough to cover the cost of producing the thing they are selling. Read more about p4p.

Pedo: Shortened form of “pedophile” or “pedophilia.” Especially among antis, accusing people of being pedos is common if they do not oppose the creation of fiction related to underage characters in sexual circumstances. This runs the risk of diluting the actual meaning of the word and the real danger that child abusers represent.

PF: Abbreviation for “Pillowfort.”

PFP: Abbreviation for “profile picture.” An image chosen by an individual that typically appears next to their posts/at the top of their profile on social media sites, chat platforms, and/or message boards. See also: avatar.

Pillowfort: A blogging/social media website created in response to Tumblr’s porn ban. Visit Pillowfort.

Pinned: Term used to refer to the pinned post on a blog, which – on platforms that including pinning functionality such as Tumblr – is a post that the blog’s owner has chosen to have always appear as the first post on their personal blog feed.

Playthrough: Playing a game from beginning to end.

Plinko Horse: See Horse Plinko.

Plot Bunny: A plot idea that pops into existence but hasn’t been given substantial form yet. Have a tendency to reproduce unchecked. Read more about plot bunnies.

PM: Abbreviation for “private message.” See DM.

Podfic: An audiobook of a fanwork, recorded and published for free by fannish voice talent. Read more about podfic.

Polyshipper: Someone who enjoys polyamorous ships. Not to be confused with multishipper.

Poor Little Meow Meow: An evil (or at best morally gray) character who is also deemed pathetic for one reason or another. Read more about the term “poor little meow meow.”

Prev: Shortened form of “previous.” Generally refers to the previous post or person who posted in a thread or reblog string. On Tumblr, it’s often used to reference the previous poster’s tags on a post without copying them over. Repeating use indicates muliple steps back, so “prev prev” would be the tags on the post before last.

PRICK: Abbreviation for “personal responsibility informed consensual kink.” A term used by the BDSM community, particularly those engaged in more dangerous sexual activities, to emphasize the importance of taking personal responsibility and being educated about the risks involved in that activity.

Pro-ana: Shortened form of “pro-anorexia.” Typically used in profile taglines to indicate the user has an eating disorder or encourages unhealthy eating in an effort to lose weight. Tends to focus on anorexia but is not restricted to it.

Pro-shipper: Original definition: Someone who believes in YKINMKATO and Ship and Let Ship; someone who is pro (supportive) of shipping. Essentially, someone who is anti-censorship. Historically, in fandom, this was considered the default position and didn’t need a specific name; it came to be called “pro” shipping specifically in contrast to “anti” shipping, as pro and anti are opposite positions. Recently, antis have propagated alternate definitions, for example insisting that the term “pro” is short for “problematic,” and that anyone who uses the term pro-shipper is by definition someone who ships “problematic” shipping such as incest, underage, noncon/dubcon, or other objectionable themes. As is the way of cyclical conflicts, as a result some people who ship “problematic” things have embraced this definition. See also: anti-anti. Read more about pro-shipping.

PSA: Abbreviation for “Public Service Announcement.”

Pspspspsps: Referring to the noise made when calling a cat. Used humorously to summon people who might be interested in the topic under discussion.

Purge: 1. A general term for when someone decides they no longer wish to share their works and so they delete everything they’ve made and/or delete their account. 2. Any time a platform either changes their terms of service to exclude previously allowed material (and then deletes that material) or when a platform decides to begin enforcing a previously non-enforced aspect of their terms of service (and therefore deletes material). The best-known example of this is the LJ event called Strikethrough. Read about some examples of purges.

Puriteen: Term coined to reflect the extreme Christian purity views that are most often espoused by young people new to fandom who have not yet unpacked their upbringing. Puriteens are most often anti-porn, anti-kink, anti-sex-work, and otherwise against discussion or “normalization” of sexual matters. A major example of puriteen rhetoric is “no kink at Pride” discourse. See also: anti. Read more about the term “puriteen.”

PWP: Abbreviation for “plot? what plot?” or “porn without plot.” A tag used to indicate a fanwork contains gratuitous smut/porn, often without any plot to structure it or explanation for how the characters ended up in the sexual situation. Read more about PWP.

Lexicon Entries Beginning with Q:

QRT: Abbreviation of “quote retweet.” A feature on Twitter that allows people to share another person’s post while adding content of their own. QRS (“quote reskeet”) is a variation that has arisen on Bluesky, where shared posts are called skeets instead of tweets.

Queerbaiting: An intentional marketing tactic in which the producers of a piece of media suggest, via advertisements, interviews, or other channels that a relationship or character may be queer in order to pull in queer consumers, when the producers do not intend to follow through on that promise. Read more about queerbaiting.

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Fandom Lexicon: O

A lil quick-and-dirty on this mornings new batch of Fandom Lexicon entries, because I have to leave to vend at Schenectady Pride in under an hour! Check out allllll the many abbreviations that start with O!

See the full Fandom Lexicon posted to-date here!

Spot a mistake? Think of something we missed? Let us know!

Lexicon Entries Starting with O:

O Rly?: Cutesy shortened form of “oh, really?” often used to express incredulity, originally from a meme featuring a surprised-looking owl. The most common responses to this are are “ya rly” or “no wai!” Read more about the “O Rly?” meme.

OC: Abbreviation for “original character,” except when it refers to the fandom The O.C. Refers to an individual’s original characters, versus the original characters that appear in published media. As in, a fanfiction that includes OCs will include the characters in the source fandom material AND new characters that the author has invented. Some people do use OC to refer to the characters in their original (as in, non-fan) works. See also: OFC, OMC. Read more about OCs.

OFC: Abbreviation for “original female character.” Refers to an individual’s original female character, versus original female characters that appear in published media. See also: OC.

OFC: Abbreviation for “of (fucking) course.” While this technically stands for “of fucking course,” it is widely used to just mean “of course,” and extra emphasis should not necessarily be interpreted just because of the presence of the “fucking” in the middle.

OG: Abbreviation for “original gangster.” The original, powerful version of a thing that may have inspired less exemplary (but currently better known) copycats. Read more about the term OG.

Okimochi Yakuza: Translates to “feelings yakuza,” a Japanese term for the “purity police” kind of anti. This, and the English translated version, entered Western vernacular after its inclusion in this post by Maromi, originally written in Japanese as a guide to Eastern fans to help them understand pro/anti discourse in Western fandom. See also: anti.

OMC: Abbreviation for “original male character.” Refers to an individual’s original male character, versus original male characters that appear in published media. See also: OC.

Omega: A secondary gender term used in works with alpha/beta/omega dynamics. While the specifics are up to the writer, some common characteristics of omegas include: smaller, effeminate bodies; social submission/oppression; a strong sense of smell; eyes that turn golden when happy or aroused; a strong desire to nest; hormone-driven sexual ‘heats’; butts that serve as their primary sexual and reproductive organ; and the ability to get pregnant regardless of primary gender. See also: alpha/beta/omega dynamics, alpha, beta.

OMG They Were Roommates: A fanworks trope in which two characters are put in a roommate situation and subsequent romantic/sexual hijinks ensue. Often paired with the “idiots to lovers” trope.

OOC: Abbreviation for “out of character.” 1. A term adopted in roleplaying circles to indicate when a comment is from the player’s perspective, not from the perspective of the character they are playing. 2. A subjective assessment of a fanwork, in which someone may feel that a character is being portrayed as behaving out of character as compared to how they behave in canon. Read more about the term OOC.

OP: Abbreviation for “original poster,” except when it refers to the fandom One Piece. Refers to the person who created a post, or to the original post itself. Read more about the term OP.

Orange: See Citrus Scale.

Orphan: A fanwork that the author has not only abandoned, but has cut all identifiable ties with. Orphaning is a feature on AO3 that allows an author to give up all access to a work without requiring that the work be deleted. People orphan their works for many reasons. Read more about orphaning fanworks.

OT3: Abbreviation for “one true 3.” A variation on  the term OTP, this refers to a favorite ship that includes 3 people, and therefore isn’t a “pairing” so can’t fall under OTP. Higher numbers are possible but less commonly used, as in OT4, OT5, etc. Often used when a fan believes a love triangle should resolve by the three people involved agreeing to be in a consensual polyamorous relationship, but there’s no requirement that it involve a love triangle in the source material. See also: BroTP, NoTP, OTP. Read more about OT3s.

Otaku: A Japanese term for a fan, especially an obsessive fan. Read more about otaku.

OTP: Abbreviation for “one true pairing.” An individual’s primary ship, often to the point of obsession. While originally, this term was used to refer solely to the one and only pairing that a person was a fan of, to the exclusion of all other pairings within the same fandom and/or pairings in other fandoms, usage has loosened over the years, and people will often now refer to having an OTP while still multi-shipping the characters and others in the fandom and/or having an OTP for every fandom they are in. Not all fans have an OTP. See also: BroTP, NoTP, OT3. Read more about OTPs.

OTW: Abbreviation for the Organization for Transformational Works. The parent organization that runs AO3, Fanlore, and other fan-run resources. See also: AO3, Fanlore. Visit the OTW website.

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Fandom Lexicon: M and N

Apologies that I missed last week’s Lexicon post, I was dealing with an unexpected family thing. On the plus side, as a result of my lack of screen time last Saturday, this Saturday you get a two-for-one, M and N! This post is extra long as a result, but there’s a lot of good stuff in these letters, including a few of my personal favorite abbreviations.

View the entire Lexicon posted to date!

Spot something wrong? Want to suggest a term we haven’t included? Drop us a comment or put an ask in our Tumblr inbox!

Lexicon Entries Starting with M:

Malewife: A man who takes on a traditionally female/domestic role in a relationship. Often used in tandem with girlboss. Read more about the malewife meme.

Manga: Comics from Japan. Read more about manga.

Manhua: Comics from China. Read more about manhua.

Manip: A shortened term referring to a photo manipulation – a fancreation in which a photograph, screen capture, or other image from the source material is used as the base for a transformative work. Basically a synonym for a photoshopped image. Read more about manips.

Manwha: Comics from Korea. Read more about manhwa.

MAP: Abbreviation for “minor-attracted person.” A pedophilic dogwhistle. People who use this acronym are trying to equate pedophilia with kink or sexuality. Don’t be fooled: MAPs are pedophiles.

Mary Sue: An ideal woman/girl as perceived by the creator and/or consumer of a media. Pretty, talented, and intelligent, their flaws serve to highlight their perfection rather than as actual flaws. Mary Sues have the extraordinary ability to either kick ass or become the perfect damsel in distress as suits the narrative need. If a female character is considered “too perfect” by the audience, she may be considered a self-insert Mary Sue by critical viewers/readers/fans/etc. See also: Gary Stu. Read more about Mary Sues.

MC: Abbreviation for “main character.” In East Asian fandoms, an abbreviation that refers to the main or point-of-view character of a story. They are usually in a CP (couple) with the ML (main love interest).

MCD: Abbreviation for “major character death.” An abbreviation indicating that a main or major character dies in the media being referred to, though what counts as “main” or “major” can be open to interpretation. Also an archive warning on AO3.

MDNI: Abbreviation for “minors do not interact.” A specific type of DNI statement.

Mecha: Typically used to refer to large battle robots/war machines that human beings control. A popular genre in East Asian media that has also grown increasingly common in the rest of the world. Can refer to the robots themselves or to the genre of works that include mecha. Read more about mecha.

Meta: Overarching analysis of a piece of media including information external to the plot. For TV shows that might include discussing why specific props were chosen, or what an actor said about their performance in a scene; for books, it may mean discussing why the author chose to make the curtains blue. Read more about meta.

MFL: Abbreviation for “marked for late.” Users of Archive of Our Own can hit the “Marked for Later” button to place fics they want to read on list to browse later.

Microfic: A very short fic, usually not more than a sentence or two long. See also: drabble, ficlet, flash fiction.

Miette: A cat referenced in a tweet that went viral, now used as a common meme imitating the phrasing of the original tweet. Or: a cat who sent her mother to jail for one thousand years. Refers to a Twitter post by Patricia Lockwood. Read more about the Miette meme.

Mini-Bang: A collaborative creation fandom event in which authors write fanfictions  to fit a specified theme, typically no more than 10,000 words in length; artists then choose the work they want to collaborate on through an anonymized claiming process, and produce at least one art piece for. The fic and art are then published and shared out by the event runners on a pre-scheduled day. See also: big bang, creation challenge. Read more about mini-bangs.

Minotaur’s Sex Tips for Slash Writers: The title of a famous webpage by user Minotaur, a gay man, who offered tips from his point of view for people who weren’t gay men and/or didn’t have sex experience on how they could write m/m sex scenes more realistically. Read more about this famous (now deleted) post.

ML: Abbreviation for “main love interest.” In East Asian fandoms, an abbreviation that refers to the love interest in a story, as opposed to the main/point-of-view character, who is the MC. The MC and ML together are the CP, or couple, in a work.

MLM: Abbreviation for “men loving men.” 1. A term for romantic/sexual attraction between men. 2. Much less commonly in fandom spaces, it can mean “multilevel marketing.” Yet another example of the importance of context for understanding and interpreting abbreviations!

MMORPG: Abbreviation for “Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Game.” Sometimes shortened to MMO. Refers to games like World of Warcraft and Everquest where players create characters and play through the game on servers that can host thousands of players at once. See also: MOO, MUCK, MUD, MUSH. Read more about MMORPGs.

Moe: A term used in Japanese fandoms that refers to having a crush, and/or to cute characters, in anime, manga, and other media. Read more about the term moe.

Monoshipper: Someone who has only one ship in a fandom. Not actually the opposite of polyshipping. A monoshipper usually has an OTP for a fandom, and will ship nothing else within that fandom, but may have different OTPs for each fandom they participate in.

MOO: Abbreviation for “MUD, object-oriented.” An old style of text-based online game. See also: MMORPG, MUCK, MUD, MUSH.  Read more about MOOs.

MST: Abbreviation for “Mystery Science Theater.” Inspired by the show MST3K – “Mystery Science Theater 3000” – wherein a man and two robots trapped on a space station watched bad movies and mocked them, “to MST” became a verb for the practice of getting together in a group to roast a piece of bad media. Read more about MSTing.

MTF: Abbreviation for “male to female.” A way of referring to a transgender woman. Some people find this term offensive; others do not.

MUCK: Abbreviation for “Multi-User (C) Kingdom.” C variously can stand for: Chat, Created, Computer, Character, Carnal; CK can stand for “Construction Kit” instead – they’re all the same thing, it wasn’t originally an acronym so all the possibilities are retrofit onto the original term. An old style of text-based online game. See also: MMORPG, MOO, MUD, MUSH. Read more about MUCKs.

MUD: Abbreviation for “Multi-User Dungeon.” An old style of text-based online game, predecessor of MMORPGs. See also: MMORPG, MOO, MUCK, MUSH.  Read more about MUDs.

Multishipper: Someone who enjoys shipping a character with multiple different partners rather than sticking to just one pairing. Multishippers usually have multiple ships within the same fandom, as opposed to a monoshipper, who usually only has one OTP per fandom. Read more about multishipping.

MUSH: Abbreviation for “Multi-User Shared Hack.” An old style of text-based online game. See also: MMORPG, MOO, MUCK, MUD. Read more about MUSHs.

Lexicon Entries Starting with N:

NaNo: Shortened version of NaNoWriMo, which stands for “National Novel Writing Month.”

NaNoWriMo: Abbreviation for “National Novel Writing Month.” This is both a time frame (November) and a hosted event in which writers are challenged to write at least 50,000 words on a single story concept in the month of November. The NaNoWriMo website has forums, tracking systems, and other resources for writers. Visit NaNoWriMo.

NB: Abbreviation for “non-binary,” sometimes written as enby. Someone whose gender identity does not fit within the socially constructed gender binary. Read more about non-binary gender identities.

NC-17: A US film rating indicating that no one under 18 will be admitted to a viewing. Although the rating was not originally intended for pornography, in fandom it is sometimes used to indicate that a fanwork contains explicit sexual content.

ND: Abbreviation for “neurodivergent.” A term used to describe someone whose mental or neurological function differs from normative standards. Read more about neurodiversity.

Net: Short for “network,” as in the word internet. In fandom, this is often used for fandom networks, as in “[nameoffandom]net.”

Nipplegate: A term jokingly used to refer to the Tumblr pornography ban of December, 2017, because of the mention of banning “female-presenting nipples” in the Terms of Service update. Has been used for other incidents in the past, such as a breastfeeding argument on Livejournal. Read more about Nipplegate.

No Beta, We Die Like [Character Name]: A common AO3 tag originally based on the bumper sticker “no air bag, we die like men.” It’s a joking way of indicating that the author didn’t use a beta, and usually integrates a character who died in canon.

No U: A cutesy way of turning a compliment back on the person who said it; may be used in other contexts too. (As in, “you’re awesome,” response: “no u”)

Non-con: Shortened term for “non-consensual.” As a general term, usually refers to non-consensual sex in all of its forms, but can be used to refer to other non-consensual acts as well, such as non-con body modification. Read more about the term non-con.

Nonnie: See Anon.

NoRomos: The opposite of a shipper. Originally coined in the X-Files fandom as a term for people who did not see Mulder and Scully as being in a relationship. Read more about the term “NoRomo.”

NoTP: Abbreviation for “no true pairing.” A ship that a person dislikes, or two people that the person believes should never, ever be together. A riff on the term OTP. See also: BroTP. Read more about NoTPs.

NSFT: Abbreviation for “not safe for Tumblr.” The tag Tumblr users created for explicit/adult content to circumvent the blocks on searching for explicit content instituted after December 2018. Unlike NSFW, the term NSFT isn’t necessarily blacklisted, so posts that use it may still show up in Tumblr tag searches.

NSFW: Abbreviation for “not safe for work.”

NTA: Abbreviation for “not the asshole.” See AITA.

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Fandom Lexicon: L

Moving right along, today we have a modest-sized Lexicon addition – entries beginning with the letter L! With this post, we cross more than half of all entries posted – the alphabet entries skew earlier in the alphabet – but we’re still a week off from being halfway through the alphabet.

Check out the entire Lexicon posted to date!

See a mistake? Have an addition to make? LET US KNOW!

Lexicon entries beginning with L:

LARP: Abbreviation for “Live Action Roleplaying.” An event where individuals create character profiles per a specified game system, dress up as those characters (optional), and roleplay in person over a period of time. Often includes magical and battle elements through proxies like chalk balls and padded weapons. Should not be confused with the SCA, Renaissance fairs, or cosplay. See also: Boffing. Read more about LARPing.

Lemon: See Citrus Scale.

LG: Abbreviation for “lesbian and gay.” An old abbreviation for grouping lesbian and gay people. When used in modern contexts, it’s often chosen intentionally to exclude bisexual and transgender individuals (because biphobia and transphobia).

Lik the Bred: The last line of a poem that inspired a genre of meme poetry. Read more about the meme “lik the bread.”

Lime: See Citrus Scale.

Listmom: A person, usually a women, who runs/moderates a mailing list. Read more about listmoms.

Listserv: Essentially a way to create email rings for communication. Originally the name of a specific service/program, it often has been applied and used more generally to refer to mailing lists. A primary method for fans to communicate in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Listserv is still available. Read more about Listserv.

Livejournal Strikethrough: See Strikethrough (pending).

Livestream: A real-time video stream, especially common as a way of people sharing with others as they play a video game. Twitch is currently the primarily platform where livestreams are hosted, though places like YouTube and Discord sometimes have them, and historically there have been other services for them as well.

LJ: Abbreviation for Livejournal. A blogging platform that was a popular fandom gathering point in the early 2000s. Due to Livejournal’s actions against queer works and their acquisition by a Russian company in 2012, use for LJ has significantly declined, but the webpage does still exist. Visit Livejournal.

Loaf: Originally, a term for any creature (but especially a cat) who has lain down in a way that they have come to resemble a loaf of bread. Usage has expanded from there.

Loli: See Lolicon.

Lolicon: Portmanteau of the words “Lolita” and “complex.” A Japanese genre that focused on young or young-looking female characters, often sexually. Not to be confused with Lolita fashion. See also: Shotacon (pending). Read more about Lolicon.

Lolita Fashion: A style of dressing “cute,” often involving frilly dresses, many accessories, and “girly” colors and choices (thought it can also be all black and gothic – it’s a large sub-culture with many variations). Especially popular in Japan, Lolita fashion has fans and people (of all genders) who dress in Lolita style all over the world. Not to be confused with lolicon! Read more about Lolita fashion.

LRB: Abbreviation for “last reblog.” See LRT.

LRT: Abbreviation for “last retweet” (on Twitter), “last reskeet” (on Bluesky), and “last retoot” (on Mastodon). Indicates that what is being said in a current tweet/skeet/toot is a reference to the contents of the previous retweet/reskeet/retoot on the same account. Depending on the platform, it may instead be LRS (last reskeet), LB (last blog) or any of a number of other variations.

Lurker: Someone who spends time in an online community without speaking/engaging with others. There are many reasons someone might choose to behave this way, and it’s inherently a neutral behavior despite their being some stigma against it. Read more about lurkers.

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Fandom Lexicon: I, J, and K

Today’s Fandom Lexicon update is a three-for-one deal, as we introduce all our entries starting with I, J, and K!

See all the posted Lexicon entries so far!

Know a term we haven’t included? Spotted a mistake? Let us know!

Lexicon Terms Beginning with I:

IA: Abbreviation for the Internet Archive, also known as the Wayback Machine, a website that archives the internet. Visit the Internet Archive.

IG: Abbreviation for Instagram. An image-based social media platform owned by Facebook. Visit Instagram.

IIRC: Abbreviation for “if I recall correctly.”

IMHO: Abbreviation for “in my humble opinion.”

IMNSHO: Abbreviation for “in my not-so-humble opinion.”

IMO: Abbreviation for “in my opinion.”

Incorrect [thing] Quotes: Refers to creating dialogue for characters or superimposing quotes from one source material onto the characters from another. This can be done in text or visual formats. Incorrect [things] Quotes are common theme blogs/accounts on many platforms. Read more about “incorrect quotes” as short fanworks.

IRC: Abbreviation for Internet Relay Chat. A long-standing predecessor to Discord. Read more about IRC.

Isekai: A Japanese term for a genre of stories where a person from the modern world is drawn magically or technologically into another world, usually a fantasy, historical/fantasy, or future/science fiction setting. Read more about isekai.


Lexicon Terms Beginning with J:

J Drama: TV shows made in Japan, also called dorama. Read more about J Drama.

J Pop: Japanese pop music. Read more about J Pop.

J Rock: Japanese rock music. Read more about J Rock.

Jossed: When new events in a franchise refute the collectively agreed-upon preferences of its fans or “established” fanon. This may or may not be intentional on the part of the franchise runners. Named after the show runner and writer Joss Whedon. See also: Kripked. Read more about the term “Jossed.”

JPG (file format): An image file format, sometimes spelled JPEG. Short for Joint Photographic Experts Group.

JRPG: Abbreviation for “Japanese Roleplaying Game.” Most often refers to video games. See also: TTRPG (pending). Read more about JRPGs.

Jump the Shark: The moment when a show goes from being good to being ridiculous and bad, often because the creator has introduced elements that make no sense in a desperate bid to keep the show on the air instead of letting it end gracefully and in a timely manner. Originated as a reference to a terrible episode of the sitcom Happy Days. Read more about the term “jump the shark.”


Lexicon Terms Beginning with K:

K Drama: South Korean TV shows. Read more about K Drama.

K Pop: South Korean pop music. Read more about K Pop.

Kawaii: The Japanese word for “cute.” Widely adopted in Western fandoms, especially anime and manga fandoms.

KDP: Abbreviation for Kindle Direct Publishing, the self-publishing arm of Amazon.

Kemonomimi: A Japanese word referring to when otherwise human-looking characters have animal features, especially ears and tails. Read more about kemonomimi.

Kink Meme: A type of prompt event that originated on Livejournal but has since migrated to other platforms. These moderated events allow people to (anonymously or otherwise) submit a kink prompt (though most also allow non-kink prompts), and anyone who wants to may create a fanwork that satisfies the requests made in the prompt. Read more about kink memes.

Kink Tomato: Made-up pronunciation for the abbreviation YKINMKATO, which stands for “your kink is not my kink and that’s okay.” See also: YKINMKATO (pending).

Know Your Meme: A website that explains different meme formats and their history. Visit Know Your Meme.

Kripked: When new events in a given franchise unfold in a way that matches the collectively agreed-upon preferences of its fans or “established” fanon. This may or may not be intentional on the part of the franchise runners. Named after one of the original creators of Supernatural, Eric Kripke. See also: Jossed. Read more about the term “Kripked.”

KS: Abbreviation for Kickstarter. A crowdfunding platform. Visit Kickstarter.

KU: Abbreviation for Kindle Unlimited, an unlimited e-book reading program with a monthly fee run by Amazon.

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Fandom Lexicon: H

Moving right along on sharing the Fandom Lexicon, this week we present entries that start with H! And note that we’ve continued to add to the previous letters A through G, incorporating suggestions received from readers of these posts (such as Fujin) and terms we’ve encountered ourselves for the first time since we started posting (such as CCOF). Fandom is a huge world with a lot of specialized, unique vocabulary, so if you’ve got something we haven’t included, we’d love to hear from you!

You can view the whole lexicon posted thus far here!

Lexicon Terms Beginning with H:

H/C: Abbreviation for “hurt/comfort.”

H/NC: Abbreviation for “hurt/no comfort.”

Hammerspace: An imaginary storage space that exists outside of our current dimension and is instantly accessible any time an item is needed. Originates from the way that cartoon characters can produce items (such as hammers) from thin air. May be called other things depending on the object produced, such as referring it as tablespace if the characters produce a table. Read more about hammerspace.

Handle: A user’s displayed name on a communications platform. Not always the same as a username.

HC: Abbreviation for “head canon” or “hurt/comfort.”

HEA: Abbreviation for “happily ever after.” A term used to indicate that a story has a happy ending. See also: HFN.

Head Canon: Something an individual believes is true about a piece of media, regardless of whether it is supported by the media itself. A given individual’s head canons do not need to be internally consistent and can be outright contradictory. See also: canon, fanon. Read more about head canons.

Hellsite: Moniker for Tumblr. Often paired with (affectionate) or (derogatory) depending on how the person using it is feeling about the platform.

Hentai: Pornographic cartoons/anime from Japan. Read more about hentai.

HFN: Abbreviation for “happy for now.” A term used to indicate that a story has a happy ending that doesn’t necessarily guarantee “ever after” levels of happiness but is still satisfactory. See also: HEA.

Himbo: A conventionally attractive man who is well-intentioned and kind of soft, but lacking in foresight / intelligence. The classic example is the character Kronk from the Emperor’s New Groove. See also: thembo (pending). Read more about the term “himbo.”

Hold My Flower: Quote from a popular meme where an unspecified character offers to hold their significant other’s flower while the significant other gets into a physical altercation. Read more about the “Hold My Flower” meme.

Horny on Main: Behaving in an overtly sexual manner on one’s primary social media account (presumably as opposed to using a side account designed for that purpose or not posting it at all).

Horse Plinko: A rough animation of a horse falling through a plinko board and bouncing off the pegs. It’s a popular meme/reference on Tumblr in particular. What exactly it means is open to interpretation. Read more about horse plinko.

Hurt/No Comfort: Refers to a trope where the major characters experience significant pain (physical or emotional) and receives no comfort. Often paired with Angst. Sometimes called “Hurt/Hurt” instead. See also: whump (pending).

Hurt/Comfort: Refers to a trope where the major characters experience significant pain (physical or emotional) and then receives comfort in kind. “Emotional Hurt/Comfort” is an oft-used tag if the pain is specifically emotional. Read more about the hurt/comfort trope in fandom.

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Fandom Lexicon: G

There’s juuuuust enough entries for G and H that I decided not to combine them into one post, but we’ll definitely have multi-letter updates coming soon…

Check out the full lexicon posted thus far here.

Spot a mistake? Think of a term we missed? Drop us an ask or comment!

Lexicon Terms Beginning with G:

Gary Stu: The ideal man/boy. Attractive, talented, and intelligent, with flaws that serve to highlight his perfection rather than being actual flaws. Often used as a term to refer to a male self-insert, as in, a male character who is seen as an avatar/insertion-into-the-story by a male author. See also: Mary Sue (pending).

Gaslight: A type of emotional/psychological manipulation. Read more about gaslighting.

Gatekeeping: Controlling/limiting access to [thing], where [thing] is a fandom, an individual, a definition or concept, or anything else that one party wants to prevent another party from accessing. For example, “you can’t be a fan of (thing) unless you believe (something about the fandom),” or “you’re not queer if you don’t have (x) experience.” Read more about gatekeeping.

Gaybies: Young gay people, often those who have just discovered they are gay and are exploring their new community. Not usually used self-referentially.

Gen: Short for “general” or “genuine.” 1. A fanwork that specifically does not involve shipping. 2. Any work that is rated as “general audiences,” as in suitable for any adult to read (or, sometimes, anyone of any age to read). See also: fic rating. 3. One of the most commonly used tone indicators; when used as a tone indicator, it means “genuine” and is always preceded with a slash, as in, “are you serious? /gen” would indicate that the preceding question is meant genuinely (as opposed to sarcastically, jokingly, etc.). See also: tone indicators (pending).

Genderbend: 1. When a character or individual performs gender in a way that does not align with the gender they identify with. 2. Sometimes, a synonym for cisswap or genderswap.

Genderswap: When a character’s gender is changed to something other than their canon gender in a fanwork. Synonym of cisswap, sometimes used as a synonym for genderbend. See also: Rule 63 (pending).

Geocities: A former free website host that housed many early fandom communities and websites. Read more about Geocities.

GF: Abbreviation for “girlfriend.”

GIF (file format): Abbreviation for “graphics interchange format.” A moving image file. Subject to a long-running debate on if it should be pronounced with a “g” pronunciation of the leading g or a “j” pronunciation of the leading g.

Giffer: Someone who makes gif sets.

Gif Set: A curated collection of GIFs. They might be sequential segments of a scene, match a theme of some sort, or simply be images the creator enjoys. Sometimes, they are unedited or lightly edited extracts from the source material; other times, they involve extensive graphic design and modification efforts by the giffer.

Girlboss: A term that fandom co-opted from hustle culture, meaning a young woman who leads or owns her own business venture. In fandom usage, this term is gender neutral (applied to characters regardless of their gender) and is often used ironically, and/or as part of the phrase “gaslight, girlboss, gatekeep” meaning one or more characters who lie, control, and manipulate to get their way. Read more about the term “girlboss.”

Glomp: A big, squishy, overpowering tackle-hug. Only fun when consensual! Read more about glomping.

Glup Shitto: A fake name mocking Star Wars naming conventions. In fandom, this “name” is often used alongside “blorbo” to denote different characters/character archetypes. Read more about the origins of Glup Shitto.

GM: Abbreviation for “game master” or “general manager.” See also: dungeon master.

Gong: In Chinese fandoms, the gong is the character who tops during sex.

Grapefruit: See Citrus Scale.

Griefer/Griefing: A griefer is someone who plays a multiplayer video game in bad faith, especially by behaving rudely, harassing or trolling other players, stealing, destroying things other players make, or otherwise being a nuisance. Griefing is the behavior engaged in by a griefer. Read more about griefing and griefers.

Grok: A verb that means “to understand easily,” coined by Robert A. Heinlein in his novel Stranger in a Strange Land. Read more about the term “grok.”

Grue: Grues are fictional monsters that originated in a series by Jack Vance, but they came to public awareness through inclusion in the game Zork (and again in Return to Zork), which was one of the first text-based computer games ever released. Grues live in total darkness, are terrified of light, and move too quickly to be seen. If you are in a pitch-black spot, you are likely to be eaten by a grue – unless you can produce a light source, of course.

Guro: A Japanese word modified from the English term “grotesque,” used to refer to especially gory stories and, especially, art. The term “ero guro,” short for “erotica grotesque,” is also used. Read more about the term “guro.”

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Fandom 101: Getting Started on Fanlore.org

Not long ago, we at Duck Prints Press decided that we’d like the Press to have a page on Fanlore. To accomplish that, Press contributor Shea Sullivan made an account and figured out the nuts and bolts on how to add pages to Fanlore. Turns out, it’s not very hard, and now in this guest blog post, Shea will teach y’all how to do it too!

Making Your First Fanlore Page!

Hello! I am an editor on Fanlore as of a few days ago. Before that, I’d worked with mediawiki (the open source platform Fanlore uses) for unrelated projects, so I had a general understanding of how things worked, but no idea how Fanlore preferred their pages to be formatted or organized or linked.

This is how I got started!

First: What is Fanlore and Why Should You Care?

Fanlore is a wiki specifically dedicated to the fandom experience. It’s not for canon info about a specific fandom; rather, it’s for information about how fans interact with media and each other. Fanlore is run by the OTW, the same organization that brings us our beloved AO3. This context helped me in understanding the focus of Fanlore. It’s about fandom: the ups, the downs, the trends, the drama…all the things that can get lost forever when sites disappear or there’s a purge. And that said…well, you may still not care. But if you do, read on!

Second: You Care. Now What?

Get an account. Right now. It’s worth getting the account, because you won’t be able to create new pages for a few hours. So, get the account first, figure out what to do with it later.

Go to fanlore.org and click on “Create Account” in the upper right-hand corner:

A screen capture from the fanlore.org webpage, showing the top right corner of the homepage. It shows a tab for "read," "view source," and "view history." Beside this is a search box that says "Search Fanlore." Above this, in the right top most corner, it reads "Create Account" and "Log in." Create account has been highlighted in this screen capture. The purpose of this screen capture is to show where one should go on the fanlore.org home page to create a new account.

Third: You Have the Power (Soon)!

Read up! No need to invent the wheel in this post – they’ve got some great resources for getting started already written on their webpage.

Four hours after you create your account, you can create pages! Congrats! There are a ton of help pages out there, but the questions I had initially were:

How do I make sure this page doesn’t exist already?

Search. Search for the page. Search for key phrases associated with the page. A page name is a fiddly thing, so search for significant phrases in a few different ways before you determine it doesn’t exist. Always make sure you check before you set out to create page!

How do I add this page?

If it’s not there, you’ll see it come up in red when you search. Type the page name you want to create in the search bar. Click “Search” to get all the results, and then click on that red link.

A screen capture from the website fanlore.org. It shows a page labeled "Search results." Below this, it says "For search options, see Help:Searching." And below that is a search box with a "search" button beside it. The words "media literacy" have been entered in the search box. The search results begin, "Did you mean: media literary" and then reads, "Create the page 'Media Literacy' on this wiki!" The words "Media literacy" are highlighted and the text is in red. The exact search results shown aren't significant; the purpose of this screen capture is to show how one can and should check for an existing page before making a new one, and where you should .

How do I format this page?

You now have an empty page. When I was getting started, my big question was: what should my page look like? Well, Fanlore has templates that can help with that! The templates are in a markup language, but do not fear! Copy and paste the template (everything in the blue box on the template page, typically starting with curly braces), make some updates, and click “Preview.” You can repeat those steps indefinitely until you get the hang of the markup. There’s also a ton of information on the Fanlore.org cheatsheet. (If you’re still confused, keep reading, there’s more specifics under the infobox section.)

Once you have the page created and published, you can edit it without the markup language if you prefer – there’s “Edit,” which gives you a non-code-based option, and an “Edit Source” button, which gives you the code-based option.

A screen capture from the fanlore.org webpage, showing the tabs on the top of each page. The tabs are "Read," "Edit," "Edit Source," "View History," a star, and a search box. The "Edit" and "Edit source" tabs have been highlighted. The purpose of this screen capture is to help people find these two tabs.

If your proposed page topic doesn’t have an official template created for that topic, you can look up similar pages and see how they’re structured.  If you’re not sure how they managed to make something look a certain way, click the “Edit Source” button and look at the code there to get a sense of what they did. Be sure to cancel out of the edit when you’re done so you don’t make unintentional changes to someone else’s page! Some pages are locked down (like the template pages) so you can’t make edits, but most “normal” pages will have those links at the top so you can dig in and see what’s there and how the people who wrote that page made it look the way it does.

How do I add an infobox?

Those infoboxes on the right of a lot of pages give a quick overview of important information. These are templates, and you can find a list of available infobox templates here.

A screen capture from fanlore.org, showing the fanlore page for astolat. On the left side of the screen capture is descriptive text about who astolat is and what they've done. On the right is a box with a header bar that says "Fan" and then lists information about astolat in an easy-to-navigate format. This box has been highlighted in yellow. The specific text on the screen capture doesn't matter, the purpose of this image is to show where the infobox is.

The templates, when you click into them, have a heading and some info that you can fill in. You can’t remove items from the template without making a new template, which I don’t recommend trying when you’re getting started. Use the template, fill in the information, and mark “N/A” if you don’t have information to insert in a specific field. A sample template for an infobox looks like this, and you fill in information after each “equals” sign. You can add a list, and you can add links to these after the equals sign using the markup for internal and external links on the Cheatsheet.

{{FanProfile
|name= 
|alias(es)=
|type=
|fandoms=
|communities=
|other=
|url=
}}

If you’re still confused, let’s go to Astolat’s fan page and click “Edit Source” and see how the infobox looks behind the scenes:

A screen capture from fanlore.org, show a screen with the header "Editing Astolat." Below this is a simple in-window html editor, with options for formatting text and a box for entering new text, and there is text in this box annotated with the mark-up that fanlore.org uses for formatting pages. The specific text written isn't significant for this post, the purpose is to show how the text is formatted to create a fanlore.org infobox, using brackets, horizontal lines, square brackets, and headers such as name, alias(es), type, fandoms, and communities.

See how everything that was in the original template is still there, there’s just a list of information after the equals sign?

And here’s how it looks formatted:

Another screen capture of the infobox from a fanlore.org page, showing how the infobox looks when it is formatted.

How do I categorize this page?

Categories are important because they help Fanlore’s back-end coding group pages together so people can find the page you’ve created and so the page is in the right place in the site map. If you can’t figure it out, though, don’t worry, there are people who will find it and take care of it!

If you have an infobox from a template, this is taken care of. 

If you didn’t use an infobox template, you can add a Category to index the page.

Finding a Category can be a little overwhelming. If you have an example page (another page that contains the same type of content as yours), you can scroll to the bottom of that page and see what Category has been assigned to it. You can add that Category to your page by editing the source and adding that category into your page at the bottom with 2 square brackets, like this: [[Category:YourCategory]]

Use “Preview” to make sure you set it up correctly before saving the page.

If you need to find a category and can’t find a good example page, I recommend going to the sitemap, finding what fits your article the best, and clicking into it. Categories are set up in hierarchies, so click through until you find the Category and Subcategory that fits best.

Add it at the very bottom of the page, and it should show up when you preview, at the very bottom of the page.

A screen capture from the bottom of a fanlore.org page, showing how at the bottom the page is categorized, in this case as "Category: Fans."

How do I add those nifty citation references[1]?

Review the Fanlore page on citation formatting for details. The basics are:

  • Add a blank References heading at the bottom of the page.
  • Add <ref> </ref> tags and include the source information.

What is the difference between a citation and an external link? Good question! I don’t know for sure, but the way I’ve been using it, if I make a statement about a thing and I want to direct you to the “proof” (article, webpage, etc), I will use a citation. If there is a thing I’m linking to because it is relevant but not as proof of what I’m saying on the wiki, I will add it as an external link.

Fourth: Don’t Worry

You’ll find there are a lot of instances when you might not be sure what the “right” way is to do whatever it is you’re trying to do. Don’t let that stop you! Do a little research, do your best, and be okay with a learning curve.

The thing about wiki editing in general, and this includes Fanlore, is that it’s a community project, and everyone is doing their best. It’s worthwhile to think about trying to make your pages consistent with other pages where you can, because it will help people who are trying to find what you’re providing. So, poke around similar pages first and look for common trends in how they’re organized, and mimic that for your own page.

All that said, there is very little hierarchy in editors and few rules set in stone. It’s a community site put together by volunteers. You may find that you’ve labeled, referenced, cited, categorized, etc, a page incorrectly, or that you added a page that was already there under another name, or you may have put in a canon page when that’s really not what Fanlore is for. No problem! A page can be reverted to a previous version. It can be removed by a “Gardener” (higher-level editor), or edited by someone else who is more familiar with the inner wiki workings, or you can even tweak it yourself when you learn a better ways to code the page. 

There is always a path forward, so get in there and get started!

Happy creating, happy fandom, and welcome!

GO VISIT FANLORE NOW!

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Fandom Lexicon: F

Considering that “F” is the first word of “fan,” “fandom,” and “fiction” … there are a lot of entries in the letter F. And here they all are!

Check out the full lexicon posted thus far here.

Spot a mistake? Think of a term we missed? Drop us an ask or comment!

Lexicon Terms Beginning with F:

Faceclaim: When someone assigns a celebrity’s face to their original character. Most often used in a roleplay setting. Those participating in a roleplaying scenario together may make rules against multiple characters having the same face. See also: fancast. Read more about faceclaims.

Fan edit: 1. A short video in which the creator patches together clips from the source fandom(s) and sets those clips to music and/or uses them to tell an abbreviated version of the original story or an entirely new story. See also: edit. 2. A photo manipulation in which a creator takes images from their fandom and modifies them. Often called a manip. Read more about types of fan edits.

Fanart: Artwork based on original media, often using the same characters and/or settings, but placing them in new contexts. Read more about fanart.

Fanartist: A person who creates fanart.

Fanboy: Someone who gets very excited about something they’re a fan of, but in a way that is seen as more “masculine.” Despite the gendered language, this term can be applied to any and all genders; several non-gendered variations (such as “fanswirl”) have been proposed, but none have caught on. See also: fangirl. Read more about the term “fanboy.”

Fancast: When a fan decides that a specific character would be best depicted by a specific real individual. This usually involves actual actors, but that isn’t necessarily a requirement. Similar to faceclaiming, but typically focused on characters from other media rather than on an individual’s original characters. For example, if someone reads a book and then decides which performers they’d like to see portray the characters in a live-action adaptation, that’s a fancast. Read more about fancasts.

Fandom : 1. A collective term for everyone who is a fan (of anything and everything – from a book through a sport’s team to an activity such as fishing and everything in between). 2. A collective term for people who are fans of a specific thing (media, character, actor, sport, etc.). 3. A term for the environment in which a person might express their enjoyment of a specific thing/things. Read more about what a fandom is.

Fanfic: Shortened term for “fanfiction.”

Fanfiction: Written works of fiction based on original media, often using the same characters and/or settings, but placing them in new contexts, extending the storylines, or otherwise transforming them per the writer’s specifications. Read more about fanfiction.

Fangirl: Someone who gets very excited about something they’re a fan of, but in a way that is seen as more “feminine.” Despite the gendered language, this term can be applied to any and all genders; several non-gendered variations (such as “fanswirl”) been proposed, but none have caught on. See also: fanboy. Read more about the term “fangirl.”

Fanlore: A wiki run by the OTW that compiles fandom-related information – basically a much, much larger and better documented version of this lexicon. See also: AO3, OTW. Visit Fanlore.org.

Fanmix: A fanmix is a selection of music, such as would be on a mixtape or mix CD, that a fan has compiled because of how they feel the music relates to a fandom or fandoms of their choice. Read more about fanmixes.

Fanon: An idea about a character, setting, plot, or other detail about a story that is not explicitly stated in the source material but is believed to be true. Fanon may be personal and believed by only one person or may become popular and become an established part of the fandom vernacular for a given fandom. See also: canon, head canon. Read more about the term “fanon.”

Fanwork: The collective term for all creations that fans make as part of their participation in fandom, such as fanfiction, fanart, edits, manips, filk, meta, and more. Read more about fanworks.

Fanzine: See zine.

Feelings Yakuza: See Okimochi Yakuza.

Feels: As in “right in the feels.” Used to describe when something makes a person emotional despite themselves. Read more about the term “feels.”

Femslash: Lesbian and wlw fanworks, shipping female characters together. See also: slash. Read more about femslash.

Fest: A fandom event centered on a specific theme, often characterized by many prompts or other interaction opportunities scheduled over a period of time that result in the creation and sharing of numerous informal/smaller creations. Read more about fests.

FF.net: Abbreviation for fanfiction.net. A website that hosts fanfiction. Visit FF.net.

Fic: Short for fiction or fanfiction.

Fic Rec: Shortened term for “fanfiction recommendation.” A fanfic that someone has recommended because it’s one of their personal favorites and/or on some criteria (for example, “fanfics set at a beach.”) Fic recs are often compiled into rec lists. Read more about recs.

Ficlet: A short fanfiction. Ficlets are usually under 1,000 words. See also: drabble, flash fic. Read more about ficlets.

Filk: Essentially fanfic in music form, though the medium may make the connection less obvious. For example, Come With Me by chxrlotte is about Aziraphale and Crowley from Good Omens. Read more about filk.

Fix-it: A fanwork that fixes a perceived or actual problem in the source material. For example, a fix-it might offer an explanation for an actual plot hole, or it may be created to segue between canon and popular fanon, or it might be used to change an unhappy event in canon (such as a character dying) into a tale with a happier ending. Read more about fix-its.

Flame: To be intentionally offensive toward someone on the internet. Often used as a verb. Read more about flames and flaming.

Flamewar: When two or more people engage in reciprocal flaming, exchanging increasingly offensive and/or violent posts with each other, the resulting back-and-forth is called a flamewar. This term has largely fallen out of fashion; “discourse” and “wank” are used more often now. Read more about flamewars.

Flash Fic: Shortened term for “flash fiction.” Very short fiction stories, typically not more than a couple hundred words. Read more about flash fiction.

Fluff: Refers to fics or scenes that are soft, soothing, calm, domestic, and/or loving – the in-betweens and soft points we rarely see on the published page or the TV screen because they are the opposite of conflict. Read more about fluff.

Follow Forever: Someone an individual will never stop following on social media, even if their interests diverge. In the past, “follow forever” posts were popular on Tumblr, where an OP would make a list of other users they would never unfollow. Follow forevers have fallen out of style.

Forum: 1. A message board, usually privately owned/not connected to social media. 2. A specific type of Discord channel that bears some resemblance to how Reddit works. 3. The message board section of a large webpage that may have other functionality as well, such as the forums on Ravelry. Read more about forums.

FTM: Abbreviation for “female to male.” A way of referring to a transgender man. Some people find this term offensive, and others do not. Some transgender people use it to discuss their own gender and their transition, and others do not. Read more about the abbreviation “ftm.”

Fudanshi: A Japanese term for a man who is a fan of BL and yaoi (mlm) content. See also: fujoshi. Read more about fudanshi.

Fujo: Shortened term of “fujoshi.”

Fujoshi: A Japanese term for a woman who is a fan of BL and yaoi (mlm) content. See also: fudanshi. Read more about fujoshi.

Fursona: Refers to the name, characteristics, and physical attributes that a furry has chosen for their animal persona. See also [thing]sona. Read more about fursonas.

Fusion: Specifically in a fandom sense, fusion is used to refer to when a fanfiction or fanart combines two or more different fandoms into one shared universe. The most famous example is Superwholock, the fusion ‘verse of Supernatural, Doctor Who, and BBC Sherlock. Read more about fusion fanfiction.

Futanari : A Japanese word that is often used in fandom to describe characters with sex characteristics from both genders. This and the shortened term “futa” are, in the West, most often used to describe a genre of pornographic anime and manga. Read more about the term “futanari.”